Although you might not be showing much just yet, you’re likely beginning to feel pregnant. Thanks to all of the hormonal changes your body has been experiencing, you’re probably starting to feel some fatigue and nausea set in. Your uterus is beginning to expand, which can cause your pelvis to tilt anteriorly and your hamstrings and glutes to lengthen and weaken. With these changes come a decreased sense of balance, endurance and coordination. The goal of prenatal Pilates is to help counteract these issues.
In addition to strengthening and conditioning the entire body, prenatal Pilates can help counterbalance some of the issues that come up during pregnancy in a safe, gentle manner. For example, posterior work (e.g., glute strengthening) is emphasized to prevent any postural problems that might surface due to the weight of your growing bump. The breath taught in Pilates oxygenates and energizes the body, while serving as a tool to better cope with the emotional ups and downs that prenatal women might experience.
Yes! But the first trimester is not the time to push your body, nor is it a time to try to advance in your Pilates practice. Instead, the focus should be on your Pilates foundation, like breathing and stabilization. Only do as much (or as little) exercise as you feel comfortable doing. It’s important to pay attention to how you’re feeling, and start to become more in tune with the needs of your body on any given day. Pilates workouts can be easily adapted to accommodate the prenatal body and how an expectant woman is feeling from day to day. If your back is feeling a little sore, for example, or your chest tight, there are modifications that can be made.
This Single Leg Press will engage your hamstrings and shoulder stabilizers while you move in this quadruped position. Repeat on each side.
You will work your entire body with this Plank variation. Adding the leg lift will give an extra challenge to your core. Repeat on each side.
This Single Leg Bridge will work your hamstrings and glutes while opening the front of your body. Repeat on each side.
Strengthen your obliques and challenge your stability with this Side Bend. Repeat on each side.
The Pilates Reformer is an excellent way to safely challenge the body during the first trimester, since the spring tension can support the body against gravity. The elevated surface of the Reformer—and the other apparatus, such as the Cadillac—is helpful for prenatal women who might find it difficult to lie down on a mat. (Due to increased blood volume in your body during pregnancy, you may find yourself prone to dizziness.) Prenatal Pilates mat exercises are another safe, effective way to exercise during this time. If you find yourself experiencing fatigue, you can reduce your pace but still get the benefits of a boost in core strength and stability.
Although the Reformer can be a supportive way to work the entire body, it needs to be introduced in an appropriate way. If you’ve never done Pilates, it’s important to learn the movements and body mechanics before adding the challenge of resistance. If you’re already comfortable on the Reformer, it’s recommended for moms-to-be to opt for a heavier spring tension during stability exercises and to go lighter during leg or arm work. The good news is that there are no specific exercises that are off limits during the first trimester. Now is a great time to find a teacher who can educate you on how to stay safe come trimester two.
Although all of the exercises in Pilates, on both the mat and on the equipment, are technically safe to perform during the first trimester, in general it’s important to take care not to overexert or overheat your body, two no-nos during pregnancy. In addition to slowing down and taking breaks when needed, paying attention to your range of motion during Pilates is important for safety. Avoid overstretching, since the ligaments of the pregnant body are more sensitive. To keep things within a safe range, support props, such as a stability ball or foam roller, especially during rotation, can be helpful.
Above all, never ignore your body. If you’re feeling exhausted or slow-moving, don’t push yourself. Sometimes a good old-fashioned nap is more important than exercise! Pregnancy is not the time to focus on moving up a level or advancing in your Pilates practice. Work at your own pace, choosing exercises that make you feel good. Don’t feel the need to work out for a full hour if you’re not up for it. The good news is that with Pilates, a little goes a long way.
Aside from Pilates, which is one of the best workouts for pregnancy, you should feel free to do whatever movement you enjoy. The one caveat: run, swim, spin, etc., as long as you’re listening to your body and working at a pace that aligns with how you’re feeling.
Yes! The deep breathing and movement in Pilates oxygenates the body and increases circulation, which boosts energy and promotes rejuvenation. The strength and stability you’ll develop on the Reformer and on the mat will keep your body pain free as your belly expands.
Slow down! It’s important to listen to your body and move at your own pace during pregnancy. If needed, consult a Pilates instructor for guidance.
A well-crafted Pilates session or class will always feature a built-in warm-up and cool-down, so you’re covered! If you’re working out on your own, start slow, easing into the workout, and finish off with some gentle movements.